Definition - What does Flowering Stage mean?
In cannabis cultivation, the flowering stage refers to the phase when the marijuana plants produce their flower sets. This is the stage when gardeners harvest their plants. In general horticulture, the flowering stage also includes the time when the plant begins to produce fruits and vegetables.
Cannabis growers have an advantage because they can control the different factors that cause a plant to bloom to produce flowers, regardless of the season. Known as flower forcing, this technique is commonly used on commercial cash crops like cannabis and involves adding nutrients such as plant growth regulators and bloom boosters at the end of the vegetative stage to force a plant to flower early. An earlier flowering period means a quicker harvest, which leads to higher profits.
Lighting levels and temperatures can also be altered to affect the speed of the flowering stage.
Hydrolife explains Flowering Stage
There are three main stages of plant growth that cannabis cultivators must concern themselves with to ensure a happy and health harvest: the propagation stage, the vegetative "veg" stage, and the flowering stage.
During the flowering stage is when plants invest all their energy towards the reproductive phase. The majority of plants reproduce and flower by producing seeds in nuts, vegetables, or flowers.
Temperature also plays a significant phase in a plant’s flowering stage. For example, it has been shown that colder temperatures can accelerate the flowering process. During colder months, the plants will also produce denser flowers as well as vegetables and fruits with a higher sugar content. Different strains of marijuana will all have different flowering times, so it's best to research the strain you're planning on growing to know when to expect flowers and prepare for harvest.
During the flowering stage, a cannabis plant's demand for potassium shoots way up, which is why many bloom boosters on the market contain high levels of potassium. (The K in N-P-K).