Definition - What does Phytocannabinoids mean?
Phytocannabinoids are the naturally occurring cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. This is opposed to synthetic cannabinoids that are manufactured artificially, and opposed to endocannabinoids, which are actually cannabinoid receptors in the bodies of animals and humans.
Note that 'phyto' is simply a prefix meaning "pertaining to derived from plants." For simplicity's sake, most people refer to phytocannabinoids as simply cannabinoids.
Although phytocannabinoids do appear in other types of plants such as the Echinacea purpurea, researchers have found 113 that only occur in the marijuana plant.
The phytocannabinoids delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THCA), cannabidiol (CBD), and cannabinol (CBN) have become the most widely known for their numerous health benefits.
Hydrolife explains Phytocannabinoids
Because of the cannabis plant's unique phytocannabinoids, the use of medicinal marijuana has become commonplace in many areas of the world as an acceptable treatment for numerous diseases and disorders.
Phytocannabinoids are a key chemical component in the cannabis plant. The cannabis plant contains 545 compounds that have been identified by researchers, out of those compounds 113 are considered phytocannabinoids. The plant’s phytocannabinoids all interact and bind together with the terpenes and flavonoids to produce a complex interplay within the plant's system.
The cannabinoids are the most highly concentrated in the plant’s resin, which is produced in its trichome glands. Different strains of cannabis contain varying levels of the different phytocannabinoids. Growers frequently cultivate marijuana plants to contain higher or lower levels of such cannabinoids, especially THC and CBD.
Phytocannabinoids are, for the most part, insoluble in water but are soluble in alcohols, fats, and other non-polar organic solvents.